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卓龍 | 15th Nov 2012, 03:17 AM | 經濟 | (51 Reads)

人工稅是政府向企業徵收因工資的稅︰

Labor tax is the enterprises pay the tax to the government according to the labor's salaries:

徵收人工稅的目的是壓低一般工資以增強出口競爭力。

The purpose to levy the labor tax is to depress the general salaries to enhance export.

若果政府徵收100%人工稅,即人工舉例是$10,000,企業便需要繳交$10,000的人工稅。企業為了維持盈利,只有兩個選擇,一是增加產品價格,一是降低人工。企業為了維持產品價格競爭力,唯有將工資住下調,直至工資往下調的幅度等於要繳交的人工稅。

政府應將所徵收的人工稅平均派發給工人。

Government should pay the labor money evenly after levy the labor tax.

待一般工資水平往下調後,取消人工稅。

After the general labor salaries level decrease, the government should stop to levy the labor tax.

工資巳向下調 + 取消人工稅 -> 工資剛性 -> 企業盈利上升 -> 產品價格下調 -> 物價下降 + 出口上升 -> 企業增強競爭力

The general labor salaries level decrease + stop to levy the labor tax > salaries rigidity > profit of enterprises increase > product price decrease > consumer price index decrease + export increase > enhance enterprises competitiveness

工人利益 (解決貧富懸殊問題)

工資下調 -> 人工稅稅收下調 -> 工資剛性 -> 待物價下調及出口上升後,增加人均收入